Testicular Health

Just as women need to be aware of how their breasts normally look and feel so do men about their testicles. Like women’s breasts, most men’s testicles should be similar in size, though it is quite common for one to be slightly bigger or hang lower than the other.


Your Testicles

Your testicles (also known as testes/balls) are part of your reproductive system. They are two small egg-shaped organs found below your penis in a pouch of skin called the scrotum. The testicles lie outside your body because they need to be at a lower temperature than your body so they can make sperm. Sperm is stored in your testicles until you ejaculate.

Your testicles also make the hormone, testosterone. This hormone is responsible for male qualities including a deep voice, facial hair and strong muscles. It also gives you a sex drive and the ability to have an erection.


Testicular Cancer

Cancer of the testicles usually affects men between 20 to 55 years of age. The most common symptom of this disease is a painless lump or swelling in the testicles, sometimes an ache in the scrotum or a feeling of discomfort may also be a sign. However, there are several other causes of testicular lumps and symptoms of testicular discomfort, most of which are not related to cancer.


Check Your Testicles

Men should check their testicles regularly for lumps. In the Useful Links section below, we provide are some useful (and entertaining) links to videos and information showing how to check your testicles. 

If you notice any symptoms or changes in your testicles or are ever worried about any testicular problem, you should come and see us immediately. Clinical examination and referral for ultrasound are quick and painless procedures.

Many medical conditions share similar symptoms to testicular cancer, which can be treated successfully if detected early, so it is of vital importance that you do not ignore any symptoms.

Please contact reception for more information or to book your appointment


Useful links

The Movember Foundation - Know Thy Nuts: Get to Know Your Nuts video 1 and video 2.

The Try Guys – Video of their first prostate and testicular exams

Irish Cancer Society – Guide to testicular cancer

Patient – More information on the male reproductive system

Patient - Get to know your testicles


Content developed from HSE, Irish Cancer Society and Patient and is adapted for Briarhill Family Practice by Briarhill Family Practice.


Paul Cotter

Bad Dog, 16 Seapoint, Barna, Galway